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Occupational Therapy: FAQ's

This guide presents a starting point for Occupational Therapy students and faculty locating health evidence in books, journal articles, databases, and the web.

UNDER CONSTRUCTION!

Frequently Asked Questions

Finding Full Text

Locating the full text of an article:

 

  • From a database citation, look for a link to "full text" or the NYU icon:

  • The "get-it" link will display options for the full text if available via NYU's electronic subscriptions. 

  • If the journal title (or year of publication) is not available electronically, use the link to search the Bobcat catalog to locate a hard copy
  • If the journal title (or year of publication) is not available in Bobcat  click on the link to Interlibrary loan to order

Search Strategies--Background Information

 

Often at the beginning of a project, you will be looking for overview/background information and you will need to answer a BACKGROUND QUESTION* with  general knowledge about a disorder or topic.

 

Background information may be found in sources such as:

·      reference book entries

·      textbooks, chapters, appendices

·      drug monographs, guides to diagnostic tests

·      the library’s Bobcat catalog

·      selected electronic Reference Tools for Background information in the health sciences

 

Sample Search Strategies for Background Questions:

Question

Appropriate source type:

Sample Strategy(ies):

1. What are the side effects of Lipitor?

 

Drug reference book

From the evidence pyramid, click on Background Information.  One of the choices listed is:

  • StatRef (collection of reference tools, including drug references)  Search on drug name.

  • Another choice is: Access Medicine

2. What is Asperger Syndrome?

Textbook, monograph, review article From the evidence pyramid, click on Background Information.  One of the choices listed is:
  • StatRef (collection of reference tools, including drug references). Search on name of disease or condition.

  • Another choice is: Access Medicine

Use the Bobcat library catalog to search on Asperger and retrieve:print and electronic books, such as:  The complete guide to Asperger's syndrome (Tony Attwood)

A “Review” article in a journal may provide an up-to-date summary/overview of a broad topic. Search Medline/Pubmed or CINAHL, limit to Publication/Article type: "Review." (Journal articles are discussed in more detail in foreground questions)

 

3. Evidence of the relationship between dementia and caffeine consumption.

Article databases, both popular and scholarly

Proquest (Periodical Abstracts) (for recent popular newspaper article)

Medline/Pubmed (for scholarly biomedical research)

A “Review” article in a journal may provide an up-to-date summary/overview of a broad topic. Search PubMed, limit to Article Type: "Review."

4. I need an overview of gestational diabetes.

 

Textbook, monograph, review article

From the evidence pyramid, click on Background Information.  One of the choices listed is:

  • StatRef (collection of reference tools, including drug references)

Search on name of disease or condition.

Use the Bobcat library catalog to search on gestational diabetes and retrieve:

Title: Management of high-risk pregnancy : an evidence-based approach/  Queenan, John T., 2007.

5. The best evidence available about umbilical cord care.

Article databases, both popular and scholarly

Locating the "best evidence" might mean the most recent information that synthesizes the best research methodologies, such as a "Systematic Review" or a "Randomized Controlled Trial." 

CINAHLPlus: search Umbilical Cord, use Search Options to limit to Publication type: systematic review

Medline/Pubmed: search Umbilical Cord AND Sepsis, limited to Journal Subset: Systematic Reviews. OR use the Limits for Article Type: limit to randomized controlled trial. More about Limits here.

6. I am interested in the phenomenon of burnout in nurses.

  • Textbook
  • monograph
  • a review article
  • Locate an overview in an article (link to Burnout AND Nurses in: sample database searches )

  • Use the Bobcat library catalog to search on search for:  nurses burnout. Notice related subject headings:

    Medical personnel – Job stress
    Burn out (Psychology)

    Burnout, Professional 
  • Search the Ebook Central collection of electronic texts.  Start with burnout AND nurses

    Notice how it leads to the subject: medical personnel job stress

  • A “Review” article in a journal may provide an up-to-date summary/overview of a broad topic. Search Medline/Pubmed or CINAHL, limit to Publication/Article type: "Review." 

7. What research is available on the issue of privacy related to computerized patient records?

 

A Review article in a journal

A “Review” article in a journal may provide an up-to-date summary/overview of a broad topic. Search PubMed or CINAHL, limit to publication type: "Review." (Journal articles are discussed in more detail in foreground questions)

 

 A Pubmed search: privacy computerized patient records Limited to publication type: “Review article” retrieves 62 citations. Here is one example:

Agrawal R, Johnson C. Securing electronic health records without impeding the  flow of information. Int J Med Inform. 2007 May-Jun;76(5-6):471-9. Epub 2007 Jan  3. Review. PubMed PMID: 17204451.

8. What are the personal experiences of medical students?

 

Memoir, biography, diary

A BobCat search medical students biography (as query words anywhere in the record)  leads to titles with subject headings to explore for related results:

Students,  Medical  Personal  Narratives

 
Or the more specific:
  Students, Medical    United States   Personal Narratives

*Sackett, D. L., Straus, S. E., Richardson, W. S., Rosenberg, W., & Haynes, R. B. (2000). Evidence-based medicine: How to practice and teach EBM (2nd ed.). Edinburgh ; New York: Edinburgh ; New York : Churchill Livingstone.  

Search Strategies--Foreground Questions

Foreground questions seek evidence to answer a need for clinical information related to a specific patient, an intervention or therapy. Identifying the PICO (T) * elements helps to focus your question:

 

  • P = problem/patient/population
  • I = intervention
  • C = comparison intervention
  • O = outcome

  • (T)= time factor, type of study (optional)

Sample Search Strategies for Foreground Questions:

Question

Natural language terms

Terms translated to Subject headings/MeSH terms/Descriptors  [Database]

Sample PubMed Searches

1. Does hand washing among healthcare workers reduce hospital acquired infections?

Hand washing

 

Hospital acquired infection

Hand disinfection [MeSH]

AND

Cross infection [MeSH]

Link to Handwashing AND hospital acquired infection

2. What is the effectiveness of continuous passive motion therapy (CPM therapy) following knee replacement in achieving optimal range of motion?

CPM therapy

 

Knee replacement

arthroplasty, replacement, knee   [MeSH]

 AND

motion therapy, continuous passive [MeSH]

Link to CPM Therapy AND knee replacement in sample PICO (T) searches

3. Is the incidence of ventilator-associated-pneumonia decreased by a
higher nurse-patient ratio?
ventilator associated pneumonia

nurse-patient ratio

pneumonia, ventilator associated [MeSH]

(Nursing staff, hospital [MeSH]
OR
Personnel staffing and scheduling [MeSH])

Link to Ventilator-associated Pneumonia AND nurse-patient ratios in Sample PICO (T) searches

4. What is the effectiveness of restraints in reducing the occurrence of falls in patients 65 and over?

 

Falls

 

Restraints

Accidental falls [MeSH, CINAHL]

AND

Restraint, physical  [MeSH, CINAHL]

Link to sample CINAHL search: Falls AND Restraints in Sample PICO(T) searches

5. How do universal lunch programs affect childhood obesity rates? (Policy question)

universal lunch

OR school lunch

 

childhood obesity

Food Services [CINAHL]

AND

Obesity [CINAHL]

AND

Schools [CINAHL]

in PubMed:

Schools [Mesh]

AND

Food Services [Mesh])

AND

Obesity [Mesh]

 

6. Does having access to fresh fruits and vegetables in neighborhood stores affect nutritional health of Hispanic Americans living in urban areas?
(Population question)

food shopping, grocery shopping, grocery stores, food stores, bodegas, convenience stores

fruits, vegetables

Hispanics

urban, city, cities

In PubMed, search:

"Food Supply" [Mesh]
AND
("Fruit"[Mesh] OR "Vegetables"[Mesh])

AND

"Hispanic Americans" [Mesh]

 

7. I am looking for evidence-based articles on managing acute pain in sickle cell patients?

pain

 

sickle cell

In PubMed, search:

pain/therapy AND anemia, sickle cell

then use Limits to limit to the Subset: Systematic Reviews

or,

Use Limits to limit to Article Type: Randomized Controlled Trial or Meta-analysis

 

 LINK to more Limiting strategies

8. I am looking for articles on the use of pet therapy with autistic children?

pets/animals

autism

children

Link to CINAHL

Search on:

pet therapy OR animals OR human-pet bonding [Cinahl headings]

AND

autistic disorder [Cinahl heading]

Limit to age group: ALL CHILD



 Link to more limiting strategies

*Heneghan, C., & Badenoch, D. (2002). Evidence-based medicine toolkit. London: BMJ Books.

What is google scholar? How should I use it?

Google Scholar is a time-saving, scholarly search interface accessible from within the Google interface. With Google Scholar, you can access peer-reviewed journal articles, books and book sections.  For literature searching, specialized databases have more functionality and access more comprehensive results, but Google Scholar is a good tool to use for a search for a known item.

You can configure Google Scholar to:

  • Display a link to NYU options for the full-text of an article
  • Export your citations to RefWorks or EndNote

Here's how to display NYU links:

  1. Open scholar.google.com
  2. Go to the Settings icon (upper right screen)
  3. Click on left menu item, "Library Links"
  4. Type in: NYU
  5. From the results, put a check mark next to "New York University Libraries-GetIt at NYU"
  6. Click on Save to save preferences.

The next time you search scholar.google.com, the GetIt at NYU option will be available next to accessible article citations.

Here's how to change settings for Bibliography manager:

  1. Open scholar.google.com
  2. Go to the Settings icon (upper right screen)
  3. In the Search Results, go to Bibliography Manager
  4. Select Show Links  to import citation into: (your choice of bibliography manager, Refworks, Endnote, etc.)
  5. Click on Save to save preferences.