Professional associations or societies in a given discipline often offer funding to students and scholars working in the field.
Be sure to check the website of such organizations in your subject area!
See a few select examples below:
American Chemical Society's Funding & Awards page
American Institute of Physics' Awards & Prizes page
American Society for Cell Biology's Awards page
American Association of University Women (AAUW)
Provides funding for more than 200 fellowships and grants to outstanding women and nonprofit organizations per academic year.
Ford Foundation Fellowship Program
Seeks to increase the diversity of the nation’s college and university faculties by increasing their ethnic and racial diversity, maximize the educational benefits of diversity, and increase the number of professors who can and will use diversity as a resource for enriching the education of all students. Awards are offered at the Predoctoral, Dissertation and Postdoctoral levels.
Below is a select list of resources with funding opportunies in the sciences. For discipline-specific resources, please contact your subject librarian listed here.