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Health Care Reform and the Affordable Care Act (PPACA): Citing Sources

Citing the PPACA, and secondary references

Below are some common reference format examples in APA Style.  A more comprehensive list and guide to APA and other formats is found at the Research Guide for Citations

Reference Type In Reference List In-Text Citation

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, 42 U.S.C. § 18001 (2010).


Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, 42 U.S.C. § 18001 et seq. (2010).

(EXPLANATION: 42 is the title number, 18001 is the first section of the law. "et seq." means the act includes other sections that follow the initial section.   Cited is the 2010 edition of the Code.)

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (2010)


Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010

Electronic Book: Chapter, Introduction, Preface, Foreword, Afterword, Encyclopedia Entry


Marmor, T. (2004). Medicare. In S. G. Post (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Bioethics (3rd ed., Vol. 3, pp. 1721-1725). New York: Macmillan Reference USA. Retrieved from GVRL Gale Virtual Reference Library.


(Marmor, 2004)

Electronic Book, edited.

Atlas, Scott (Editor). (2010). Reforming America's Health Care System : The Flawed Vision of ObamaCare. Retrieved from Ebook Central database.

(Atlas, 2010)

Web Page


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010, February 10). About CDC: The CDC Director. Retrieved from

(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010)
Journal Article, 1 Author


Summers, L. (2012). Opportunities for APRNs through state health insurance exchanges. American Nurse, 44(4), 5.


(Summers, 2012)
Newspaper Article, 1 author


Miller, E. (2009, Dec 05). Cross country: Health reform could harm medicaid patients. Wall Street Journal, p. A21.



(Miller, 2009)