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Physical Therapy

Guide to locating research evidence and tools for Physical Therapy students and faculty.

Database Searching & Strategy Development

Citation Management Tools

For help choosing a citation management tool: 

See comparison list

For help using a citation management tool: 

See schedule of RefWorks, EndNote, and Zotero classes (coded in pink)

Backing Up Bibliographic Data

If you are using a citation manager to store bibliographic data related to your evidence synthesis project, it is recommended that you maintain back up copies of your data.  

Recommended steps for backing up bibliographic data will vary depending on your software of choice (Zotero, EndNote or RefWorks) - more information can be found on the guide for Data Management Planning - Storage & Backup

Article Screening - Covidence

Covidence Trainings & Support

PRISMA - Checklist & Diagram

PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) is an evidence-based set of minimum items for reporting information in systematic reviews and meta-analyses.

Specific PRISMA resources include:

PRISMA Checklist

  • A 27 item checklist whose items refer to the preferred content of a for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses, including suggested content for the title, abstract, methods, results, discussion and funding.

PRISMA Extensions

  • Extensions to the PRISMA Checklist to facilitate the reporting of different types or aspects of systematic reviews/meta-analyses (e.g., checklists for reporting scoping reviews, individual patient data)

PRISMA Diagram Templates

PRISMA Data Table

  • Data Needed for PRISMA Diagram
    • This view-only GoogleDoc shows a table you can use to track the basic data that is needed to complete a PRISMA diagram, including an example table.

Example PRISMA Diagram 

Example PRISMA diagram showing number of records identified, duplicates removed, and irrelevant records excluded.


Stotz, S. A., McNealy, K., Begay, R. L., DeSanto, K., Manson, S. M., & Moore, K. R. (2021). Multi-level diabetes prevention and treatment interventions for Native people in the USA and Canada: A scoping review. Current Diabetes Reports, 2(11), 46.