Skip to Main Content

Physical Therapy

Guide to locating research evidence and tools for Physical Therapy students and faculty.

Style Guides in Print

Style Guides Available Online

Books for Writing in Health Professions and Nursing

Predatory OA Publishers

Some journals, known as predatory journals charge large APCs without providing the peer review and editorial support that can be expected from a quality scholarly publication.

Common red flags associated with predatory publishers include:

  • Using false or misappropriated ISSNs;
  • Posting fake academics on the editorial board or using the names of actual academics for the editorial board without their permission;
  • Accepting and publishing articles exceptionally quickly without peer review or quality control;
  • Repeatedly contacting and harassing scholars to submit articles and serve on editorial boards.

And keep in mind, you can always contact your library subject specialist for assistance with assessing the reputability of a publisher.

"How to perform due diligence before submitting to a journal or publisher."

Checklist (from Declan Butler,   Butler, D., & others. (2013). The dark side of publishing. Nature, 495(7442), 433–435.)

  • Check that the publisher provides full, verifiable contact information, including address, on the journal site. Be cautious of those that provide only web contact forms.
  • Check that a journal’s editorial board lists recognized experts with full affiliations. Contact some of them and ask about their experience with the journal or publisher.
  • Check that the journal prominently displays its policy for author fees.
  • Be wary of e-mail invitations to submit to journals or to become editorial board members.
  • Read some of the journal’s published articles and assess their quality. Contact past authors to ask about their experience.
  • Check that a journal’s peer-review process is clearly described and try to confirm that a claimed impact factor is correct.
  • Find out whether the journal is a member of an industry association that vets its members, such as the Directory of Open Access Journals ( or the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (
  • Use common sense, as you would when shopping online: if something looks fishy, proceed with caution.

Resources for Evaluating Journals