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Social Work: 6) And citing - in APA Style

This guide provides descriptions of commonly used library resources for practice, research, and scholarship in the field of Social Work.

Organizing and citing the information you find is essential to your research. Citation Management applications like RefWorks, Zotero, and EndNote will help you in these processes. Check out the library's class calendar to get you started or schedule a consultation with your librarian.

https://guides.nyu.edu/citations/tools

APA Style Guide Reference

Publication manual of the American Psychological Association
(in print only)

APA style simplified writing in psychology, education, nursing, and sociology 
(available online)

Examples of APA Citations

Regarding materials obtained or read electronically:

If the article (journal, magazine or newspaper) you reference came via an electronic format, such as websites or PDF files, you should either include the DOI (digital object identifier) or the URL where you found the item. Below are some examples [highlight for effect only]:

Logan, Tim. (2014, December 21). Highland Park renters feel the squeeze of gentrification. The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from https://www.latimes.com/business/realestate/la-fi-highland-park-renters-20141221-story.html

Wagner, Reyk, V., & Spence. (2001). Improving the working environment for workers in children’s welfare agencies.Child & Family Social Work, 6(2), 161–178. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2206.2001.00199.x

This can also apply to other materials read or viewed electronically (i.e. eBooks, streaming video, podcasts, etc.).

For a tutorial on the use of APA Style, check out The Basics of APA Style.
Reference Type In Reference List / Bibliography In-text Citation
Book (one author) Batavia, M. (2006). Contraindications in physical rehabilitation: Doing no harm. St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier. (Batavia, 2006)
Book (two or more authors) Hoskins, C. N., Haber, J., & Budin, W. C. (2001). Breast cancer: Journey to recovery. New York: Springer Publishing Company. first citation
(Hoskins, Haber, & Budin, 2001)​

subsequent citations
(Hoskins et al., 2001) 
Book (with editor, translator, compiler instead of author) Mezey, M. D. (Ed.). (2001). The encyclopedia of elder care: The comprehensive resource on geriatric and social care. New York: Springer Publishing Company. (Mezey, 2001)
Book Chapter (including encyclopedia entry) Mitty, E. L. (2001). Assisted living. In M. D. Mezey (Ed.), The encyclopedia of elder care: The comprehensive resource on geriatric and social care (pp. 73-75). New York: Springer Publishing Company. (Mitty, 2001)
Book Review Zbar, R. I. S. (1995). Autobiography of a face [Review of the book Autobiography of a face, by L. Grealy]. The New England Journal of Medicine, 333(14), 949. (Zbar, 1995)
Reference Type In Reference List / Bibliography In-text Citation
Journal Article
(one author)
Rosenfeld, P. (2005). Women in green: The contributions of Hadassah nursing to immigrant and refugee health in pre-state and the early years of the State of Israel. Nursing History Review, 13, 101-119. (Rosenfeld, 2005)
Journal Article
(2 authors)
Collard, S., & Tempelman-Kluit, N. (2006). The other way in: Goal-based library content through CMS. Internet Reference Services Quarterly, 11(4), 55-68. (Collard & Tempelman-Kluit, 2006)
Journal Article
(3-7 authors)
Jacobs, J., Kahana, M. J., Ekstrom, A. D., & Fried, I. (2007). Brain oscillations control timing of single-neuron activity in humans. The Journal of Neuroscience, 27(14), 3839-3844. First Citation
(Jacobs, Kahana, Ekstrom, & Fried, 2007) 

Subsequent Citations
(Jacobs et al., 2007)
Journal Article 
(7 or more authors) 
Navarra, A.-M. D., Gwadz, M. V., Whittemore, R., Bakken, S. R., Cleland, C. M., Burleson, W., … Melkus, G. D. (2017). Health Technology-Enabled Interventions for Adherence Support and Retention in Care Among US HIV-Infected Adolescents and Young Adults: An Integrative Review. AIDS and Behavior. 21(11), 3154–3171. (Navarra et al., 2017)
Reference Type In Reference List / Bibliography In-text Citation
Popular Magazine Article Hertzberg, H. (2008, December). Eight is enough. The New Yorker, 84(39), 27. (Hertzberg, 2008)
Newspaper article
(one author)
Rich, F. (2008, November 9). It still felt good the morning after. The New York Times, p. WK9. (Rich, 2008)
Reference Type In Reference List / Bibliography In-text Citation
Blog post McAdoo, T. (2016, April 5). How to Cite a Blog Post in APA Style [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2016/04/how-to-cite-a-blog-post-in-apa-style.html (McAdoo, 2016)
Film  Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation (Producer), & Wise, R. (Director). (2000). The sound of music [Motion Picture]. USA: Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment. (Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation & Wise, 2000)
Music recording Franklin, A.L. (1985). Freeway of Love. On Who's Zooming Who? [record]. Los Angeles, CA: Arista Records. (Franklin, 1985, track 1)
Podcast episode Singer, J. B. (Producer). (2016, March 28). #103 - The Grand Challenges for Social Work: Interview with Dr. Richard P. Barth [Audio Podcast]. Social Work Podcast. Retrieved from http://www.socialworkpodcast.com/2016/03/grand-challenges.html (Singer, 2016)
Social Media
(i.e. Instagram, Twitter)
Fox, M. J. [@realmikejfox]. (2018, June 5). It takes < than a min to learn how to save a life. Watch the video at handsonly.nyc #ICanSaveALife with #HandsOnlyCPR [Instagram photo]. Retrieved from https://www.instagram.com/p/BjppDLDBxRF/

Stanford Medicine [SUMedicine]. (2012, October 9). Animal study shows sleeping brain behaves as if it's remembering: http://stan.md/RrqyEt #sleep #neuroscience #research [Tweet]. Retrieved from https://twitter.com/SUMedicine/status/255644688630046720
(Fox, 2018)




(Stanford Medicine, 2012)
Episode of a television program Dretzin, R. (Writer), & Dretzin, R., & Maggio, J. (Directors). (2008). Growing up online [Television series episode]. In D. Fanning (Executive Producer), Frontline. (Dretzin, 2008)
Webpage Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014, April 2). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/ (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014)
Web video 
(hosted via e.g. YouTube, Vimeo)
BioScience Laboratories  (2009, July 22). BioScience Laboratories Glove Juice Sampling Procedure for ASTM E1174 E1115 [Video file]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/eU6EkstmwI4 (BioScience Laboratories, 2009)
Reference Type In Reference List / Bibliography In-text Citation
Data set Pew Hispanic Center. (2008). 2007 Hispanic Healthcare Survey [Data file and code book]. Available from Pew Hispanic Center Web site: http://pewhispanic.org/datasets/
[use "Available from" to indicate that the URL will lead users to a download site rather than directly to the data.]
(Pew Hispanic Center, 2008)
Graphical representation of data Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2005). [Interactive map showing percentage of respondents reporting "no" to, During the past month, did you participate in any physical activities?]. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Retrieved from http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/gisbrfss/default.aspx (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2005)
Thesis or Dissertation Kitzmiller, E. M. (2012). The roots of educational inequality: Germantown high school, 1907--2011. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. (Kitzmiller, 2012)
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