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French Books, Before 1601 and 1601-1700
French Political Pamphlets 1547-1648
Utopies au Siècle des Lumières
Sex Research: Early Literature from Statistics to Erotica
Fin-de-Siècle Symbolist and Avant-Garde Periodicals
Paris, no. 1-13, Oct. 1892 - Dec. 1893; No. 1-12, 1894.
Founded by Louis Lormel, this magazine includes contributions by Remy de Gourmont, Mallarmé, Jarry, Saint-Pol-Roux, Gide and others. In addition to poetry and articles it contains interesting graphics.
Coimbra, Vol. 1 (No. 1-8), Nov. 1895 - June 1896.
See microfilm reel with title: L'art littéraire.
This little magazine, founded and edited in Portugal by Eugenio de Castro and Manuel da Silva Gayo, contains French contributions by Verlaine, Kahn, Merrill, Saint-Pol-Roux, and Gourmont. It testifies to the rapid dispersion of French Symbolist themes and forms.
Brussels, Vol. 1-2 (No. 1-16), Nov. 1884 - Apr 1886.
See microfilm reel with title: L'art littéraire.
Contains poetry by Fontainas, Merrill, Mikhaël, and Quillard, as well as the first of René Ghil's manifestoes. This was the first Belgian magazine to establish links with the French Symbolists.
Paris, numéro spécimen, Dec. 1, 1861; Vol. 1-2, No. 24, Jan. 5, 1862 - June 14, 1863.
This is, strictly speaking, a pre-Symbolist periodical. It is included in the present list because of its publication of Baudelaire, Leconte de Lisle, and other important precursors of the Symbolist movement. Its pages contain numberous brilliant caricatures and other graphics by Daumier, Bénassit, Bouquet, Pastelot, Regamey, etc. Never popular with the government, its existence was eventually terminated by the official censors.
Paris, Vol. 1-2, 1896
Founded and edited by Henri Albert in collaboration with Pierre Louÿs and others. This brief but elegant periodical contains important poems and critical essays by Régnier, Gide, Valéry, Herold, and Tinan. It also contains some outstanding graphics by Besnard, Rops, Léandre, Blanche, and others.
Paris, Vol. 1-14 (No. 1-688), 1882-1895
Published weekly out of Rodolphe Salis' Artists' Cafe. It contains poetry and other items by Verlaine, Rollinat, Morice, Samain, Dubus, Bloy, Cros, and many others. Whimsical, satiric, and thoroughly fin-de-siecle illustrations also appear in its pages.
Paris, Vol. 1-2 (No. 1-16), Aug. 1891 - June 1893.
Published by Paul Redonnel out of Montpellier. This little magazine has the added interest of containing the poetry of writers from the south of France as well as many contributions by Parisian poets.
Paris, No. 1-11, 1891 - 1892
This magazine is particularly noteworthy for the early poems of Louÿs, Gide, and, especially, Valéry. It also contains contributions by Régnier, Léon Blum, and the "décadent" Swinburne.
Brussels, Vol. 1-3, No. 1, May 1895 - June 1897
Includes contributions from Viélé-Griffin, Gourmont, Gide, Ghéon, Kahn, and Jammes, as well as from Belgian authors. It was originally founded as a protest against La Jenue Belgique, which, in its opinion, had already become reactionary.
Paris, Vol. 1, 1905
Founded and edited by Jean Rogère, this little magazine consciously adopted the same name as Ghil's 1887-92 journal. Ghil himself contributed to this latter day Ecrits, along with Pelletier, Nau, Dantinne, Fayolle, and Randau. The journal is also distinguished for its publication of translations of Russian Symbolists such as Bal'mont.
Paris, No. 1-57, Mar. 1, 1890 - Dec. 25, 1893
Founded by Henri de Régnier, Paul Adam, Georges Vanor, Bernard Lazare, and F. Viélé-Griffin. It also includes contributions by Quillard, Gide, Mallarmé, Saint-Pol-Roux. Lecomte, and Malo. During its brief life, it served as the crossroads for a wide variety of French literary and political currents, though the Symbolist influence was strongest.
Paris, Vol. 1-35, Apr. 1890-1906
Along with La Plume, Mercure de France, and La Revue Blanche, this was one of the four main organs of the Symbolist movement. Like its peers it devoted space to historical, philosophical, and sociological topics as well as poetry, literary essays and reviews, and theatrical and fine arts articles. Founded by Henri Mazel, it was later edited by Stuart Merrill, Louis le Cardonnel, and Hughes Rebell. Some other contributors include Tailhade, Viélé-Griffin, Maurras, Régnier, and Rambosson.
Paris. No. 1-4, 1894
One of the brief but bright ephemera that were springing up all over the Symbolist movement. This one was founded by Degron and Klingsor, and it contains poetry by Viélé-Griffin, Retté, Gérardy, Régnier, Dierx, Signoret, and others.
Brussels, Vol 1, 1880
This was the immediate predecessor of La Jeune Belgiqueand includes contributions by Hymans, Gros, Grésil, Berlier, and Albert Orth.
Brussels, Vol. 1-17, 1881 - Dec 25, 1897.
Superseded La Jeune Revue Littéraire. This magazine functioned as both a positive and a negative force in Symbolism. It was founded by Max Waller, and after 1889, when Verhaeren became associated with it, the French Symbolists began appearing regularly in its pages. But subsequent to 1894 it began conducting as anti-free verse campaign, thus inspiring the counter-attacks in Le Coq Rouge.
Paris, Vol 1-7, May 1, 1878 - Dec 1884.
This periodicals subsequently merged into La Revue Indépendante but it had a very distinguished life of its own. It was founded by Albert Allenet and included on editorial board Jules Claretie and Alphones Daudet. Among its other contributors were Barrès, Dierx, Rollinat, Junes Romain, and Anatole France.
Paris, Vol. 1-354, 1890 - 1965
Founded by Alfred Vallette to succeed La Pléiade, Mercure de France is far and away the most important periodical of the Symbolist movement. It outlasted Symbolism as well as a myriad other subsequent literary, artistic, political, etc., currents. During its seventy-five year existence Mercure was one of the single most important French intellectual and artistic journals. Its entire run is re-published here. The indexes for each year's issues of the Mercure have been consolidated in a single film sequence as well as being filmed in their original place.
Paris, série 1-3, 1866 - 1876
Though this journal formally preceded the Symbolist movement, its pages were an outlet for early Mallarmé as well as for pre- and proto-Symbolist poets such as Baudelaire, Dierx, Hérédia, and Leconte de Lisle.
Paris, Vol. 1 (No. 1-7), Mar. 1886 - Nov. 1886; 1-2, 1889 - 1890
Founded by Rodolphe Darzens, La Pléiade had among its contributors Ephraim Mikhael, Saint-Pol-Roux, P. Quillard, René Ghil, Maeterlinck, van Lerberghe, and others. The later series included work by Brinn Gaubast, Tailhade, Rachilde, Barrès, Aurier, Dubus, and Dumur. It was La Pléiade that was the immediate predecessor of Mercure de France.
Paris, Vol 1-25, Apr. 15, 1889 - July 1913.
One of the most important journals of the period, probably second in importance to Mercure de France. It was founded by Deschamps and included contributions from all the various literary currents afoot: Symbolism, Decadentism, Occultism, Regionalism, etc. It contains many special issues on such figures as Moréas, Baudelaire, Verlaine, and such schools as the Félibres, the Décadents, and the Occultists. Also included are many graphics and plates.
Bruxelles, Vol. 1-6, 1891 - 96
This journal became important for French literary movements beginning in 1892. It contains contributions by Souchon, Viélé-Griffin, Klingsor, Régnier, and Herold.
Paris, Vol. 1-30, Oct. 1891 - Apr. 14, 1903
Founded by Alexandre Natanson, this magazine was, along with L'Ermitage, Mercure de France, and La Plume, one of the most important journals of the nineties. Like them it was devoted to much more than Symbolism or even literature. It was a fully general review of all the arts and related intellectual currents. Mallarmé, Viélé-Griffin, Gourmont, Kahn, Blum, Bernard, Mauclair, and Dujardin are among its contributors. For a time Debussy wrote its musical reviews. Like La Plume it contains many interesting graphics, some being lithographs by Toulouse-Lautrec and others.
Paris, Vol. 1-2, (No. 1-15), Jan. - Sept. 1890
Tola Dorian edited this journal in collaboration with Darzens. Two of the high points of its brief existence were Mallarmé's essay "Villiers de l'Isle Adam," and Villiers de l'Isle Adam's own piece. "Amour Sublime."
Paris, Vol. 1-2, May 1884 - Apr. 1885; Series 2 Vol. 1, May 1885; Series 3 Vol. 1-26 (No. 1-797), Nov 1886 - Sept. 1895.
Founded by Fénéon, this magazine was one of the critical outlets of Mallarmé's group, though it contains items by other Symbolists and non-Symbolists. Some of its contributors are Villiers de l'Isle-Adam, Barrès, Bourges, Péladan, Vignier, Ghil, Laforgue, Moréas, and Wyzewa.
Paris, Vol. 1-2, 1897 - 1898
As its title indicates this journal was an organ for Naturism. Among its contributors were Boubélier, Montfort, Le Blond, Viollis, and Fleury.
Paris, Vol. 1-3, 1885 - 1888
This magazine testifies throughout its pages to the enormous influence of Wagner in the arts other than music during the second half of the nineteenth century. The Symbolists were especially interested in Wagner's attempt to synthesize music and poetic drama and they contributed eagerly to the pages of the Revue. Included are poems and articles by Mallarmé, Ghil, Merrill, Vignier, Dujardin, Verlaine, and Teodor de Wyzewa.
Paris, Vol. 1-2, Dec. 1, 1885 - Aug. 16, 1886; Series 2, Nos. 1-9, Sept. 1, 1886 - Dec 31, 1886
This was one of Alfred Vallette's early outlets. It also includes poems and essays by Mallarmé, Verlaine, Tailhade, Rachilde, Renard, Samain, Dubus, Lorrain, Le Cardonnel, and Ghil. From its contributors, it might be regarded as the grandfather of Mercure de France with La Pléiade being the father.
Brussels, etc., Vol. 1-53, No. 1, 1884 - July/Sept. 1914
Founded and first edited by Fernand Brouez, this journal was one of the major fixtures in Belgian literary and cultural circles. It crossed paths with Symbolism particularly during the years 1892 - 1895, when contributions by Gustave Kahn, Régnier, Saint-Pol-Roux, and Viélé-Griffin frequently marked its pages. Like Mercure de France, its scope was much broader than literature alone, as its sub-title testifies. Its pages included some of the early French translations of Nietzsche.
Paris, Nos. 1-4, Nov. 5, 1884 - Feb. 1885
This was Maurice Barrès's own private journal. It is most important for its essay on Baudelaire in which the emerging Symbolist poetry was discussed under the rubric of "décadent."
Paris, Vol. 1-3, 1886 - 1887; Jan. 1899 - May 1901
This magazine was first published by Leo d'Orfer and Gustave Kahn. It is especially important for its publication of Rimbaud. Also included are items by Laforgue, Mallarmé, Kahn, Vignier, Verlaine, Ghil, and, from the later period, Klingsor, Merrill, Pilon, Fleury, Verhaeren, Jammes, and Gasquet.