Personal papers and organizational records.
Documents - Printed & Published
Texts of all varieties, including books, letters, pamphlets, periodicals, government documents, reports, printed ephemera, etc.
Printed, manuscript, online.
Objects & Artifacts
Physical objects of any vintage or variety.
Music, interviews, speeches, animals, nature, etc.
Film, video, posters, prints, photos, cartoons, artworks, paintings, etc.
The following list contains examples of the many formats of items that may be considered primary sources. Thinking of these different categories of materials can help you imagine the various sources that might be available to you in your research. Note that the same piece of evidence may be a primary source in one investigation and a secondary source in another. Be creative in thinking about primary sources and adapt your search strategy to find specific formats of materials.
Chapter 6, "The Thrill of Discovery: Primary Sources" in Jenny L. Presnell's The Information-Literate Historian: A Guide to Research for History Students (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007) provides a thorough overview of primary sources.
The chapter covers definitions, categories of sources, locating materials, and evaluating sources.