The five and a half centuries described in this volume were those in which Iron Age cultures passed from their early and experimental phases into stages of maturity characterized by long-distance trade and complex, many-tiered political systems. In Egypt and North Africa it was a period of religious and cultural consolidation when the Arabic language and the faith of Islam were adopted by the majority of the indigenous Copts and Berbers. In the sub-Saharan Savanna it was a period rather of penetration when Muslim merchants and clerics built up small but significant minorities of Negro African converts. Muslim migrants conquered the Nilotic Sudan, encircled Christian Ethiopia and settled the coastline of eastern Africa. But throughout the period African states, large and small, were strong enough, relatively, to control their visitors from the outside world. The main significance of the outsiders, whether Muslim or Christian, was as literate observers of the African scene.
Permits translation between Creole and English/French. It documents Haitian Creole as spoken in Port-au-Prince and vicinity. Volume 1 includes notes on orthography, phonetics, some grammar, and a 2 1/2 page bibliography on the Haitian Creole language.
See the PM7851 and PM7852 area of Bobst's stacks for more works on french-creole language and dictionaries.
Novelists, playwrights, essayists, poets, short story writers, and more recently, genre writers in science fiction and mystery, are all expertly discussed in the more than 16 sets comprising this series. Two volumes of original essays present 65 African writers from 17 countries writing in English, French, Portuguese, Arabic and indigenous languages. Subjects span the late 19th century to the present. Included are Najib Mahfuz, Andre Brink, Wole Soyinka, Nadine Gordimer, Alan Paton and many more.
Covers the period 1834-1989, works written in or translated into French. Arranged alphabetically by title of work, provides brief analytical summaries of the work. Aside from author's name and dates, this work offers no biographical information about the author. Also includes an index of authors.
Arranged by country, then alphabetically by name. Signed articles written by specialists in the field. For each entry, a bibliography of writing about the subject is included. Twenty volumes were originally planned for this series. Bobst owns the three volumes that have been published as of 2011: v. 1. Ethiopia, Ghana -- v. 2. Sierra Leone, Zaire -- v. 3. South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland.
Arranged first by genre ( Roman-récit-conte, Poésie, Théâtre), then alphabetically by author name. Under each author entry, the author's works are summarized title by title. Also contains an author index and title index.
Arranged alphabetically by title of work, each entry provides a medium-length or longer essay describing the work, themes, its place in the author's oeuvre, influence, critical reception, etc. Vol 1: "Des origines à 1978." Vol 2: "De 1979 à 1989."
4 volumes bound into one work. Volume 2 concerns francophone literature from the Caribbean (pp. 261-545). Includes introductory essaies, brief biographical entries for authors, and short bibliographies of their works. Also includes a list of critical studies and anthologies on Francophone literature and a list of selected journals of interest. Note: this work is quite old.
Accessible to students and general readers, this encyclopedia overviews the lives and works of Caribbean authors. Because Caribbean literature is so much a reflection of regional concerns, the encyclopedia gives special attention to the political, cultural, and historical contexts in which Caribbean authors have lived and worked.