In order to select a tool for critical appraisal (also known as quality assessment or "risk of bias" assessment), it is necessary to understand what methodology was used in the study. (For help understanding study design, see this section of the guide.)
The list below sets of contains critical appraisal tools and checklists, with information about what types of studies those tools are meant for. Additionally, there are links to reporting guidelines for different types of students, which can also be useful for quality assessment.
If you're new to critical appraisal, check out this helpful video overview of some of the common tools:
For a list of additional tools, as well as some commentary on their use, see:
Ma, L.-L., Wang, Y.-Y., Yang, Z.-H., Huang, D., Weng, H., & Zeng, X.-T. (2020). Methodological quality (risk of bias) assessment tools for primary and secondary medical studies: What are they and which is better? Military Medical Research, 7(1), 7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40779-020-00238-8