Translatio (University of Bonn): Middle Eastern newspapers and periodicals in Turkish, Persian and Arabic.
CRL-Global Press Archives's the Middle Eastern and North African Newspapers collection (open access)
Servet-i Fünun Project (Ottoman Turkish)
Jara'id - Ottoman and Mandatory Arabic Newspapers (National Library of Israel)
al-Arshif (collection of Arabic periodicals)
al-‘Iraqiyah - an aggregator of Iraqi academic periodicals
Search Archive Editions in Bobcat
Archive Editions publications provide thousands of original documents, as well as numerous maps, on the national heritage and political development of many countries. AE material is particularly rich for the study of boundary formation, claims and disputes amd modern political development of the Arabian peninsula and Arab/Persian Gulf.
Al-Bab The Best Arab Blogs [Mostly in English]
Amar Foundation Foundation for Arab Music Archiving & Research
American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (from Salt Research, Istanbul)
Archives of Crete (from Salt Research, Istanbul)
The Digital Collections of Salt Research (Istanbul)
French Press from the Ottoman Empire (from Salt Research, Istanbul)
The Ottoman Bank (from Salt Research, Istanbul)
The Memory of Modern Egypt [In Arabic] An collection of Egyptian political speeches and images.
The Turkish National Library's Non-Book Materials (registration required)
NYU holds a complete set of books in Ottoman Turkish and Arabic gifted by Sultan Abdülhamit II to Abram Hewitt. Hewitt donated the books to NYU. This set has a twin in the Library of Congress (now fully digitized).