For examples not listed here, see print version of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed, at the Bobst Library 1st floor reference center or the Reserves Desk at call number BF76.7.P83 2010.
|Reference Type||In Reference List||In-text Citation|
|Book: One author||
Batavia, M. (2006). Contraindications in physical rehabilitation: Doing no harm. St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier.
|Book: 3-6 authors||
Hoskins, C. N., Haber, J., & Budin, W. C. (2001). Breast cancer: Journey to recovery. New York: Springer Publishing Company.
(Hoskins, Haber, & Budin, 2001) first citation
(Hoskins et al., 2001) subsequent citations
|Book: Editor, Translator, or Compiler (instead of author)||
Mezey, M. D. (Ed.). (2001). The encyclopedia of elder care: The comprehensive resource on geriatric and social care. New York: Springer Publishing Company.
|Book Chapter, Introduction, Preface, Foreword, Afterword, or Encyclopedia Entry.||
Mitty, E. L. (2001). Assisted living. In M. D. Mezey (Ed.), The encyclopedia of elder care: The comprehensive resource on geriatric and social care (pp. 73-75). New York: Springer Publishing Company.
|Journal Article: one author||
Rosenfeld, P. (2005). Women in green: The contributions of Hadassah nursing to immigrant and refugee health in pre-state and the early years of the State of Israel. Nursing History Review, 13, 101-119.
|Journal Article: 2 Authors||
Collard, S., & Tempelman-Kluit, N. (2006). The other way in: Goal-based library content through CMS. Internet Reference Services Quarterly, 11(4), 55-68.
|(Collard & Tempelman-Kluit, 2006)|
|Journal Article: 3-7 Authors||
Jacobs, J., Kahana, M. J., Ekstrom, A. D., & Fried, I. (2007). Brain oscillations control timing of single-neuron activity in humans. The Journal of Neuroscience, 27(14), 3839-3844.
(Jacobs, Kahana, Ekstrom, & Fried, 2007) first citation
(Jacobs et al., 2007) subsequent citations
|Journal Article: more than 7 Authors||
Navarra, A.-M. D., Gwadz, M. V., Whittemore, R., Bakken, S. R., Cleland, C. M., Burleson, W., … Melkus, G. D. (2017). Health Technology-Enabled Interventions for Adherence Support and Retention in Care Among US HIV-Infected Adolescents and Young Adults: An Integrative Review. AIDS and Behavior. 21(11), 3154–3171.
|(Navarra et al., 2017)|
|Popular Magazine Article||
Hertzberg, H. (2008, December). Eight is enough. The New Yorker, 84(39), 27.
|Newspaper Article, 1 author||
Rich, F. (2008, November 9). It still felt good the morning after. The New York Times, p. WK9.
McNulty, T. (Ed.). (1999). Accessible libraries on campus: A practical guide for the creation of disability-friendly libraries. Chicago, IL: Association of College and Research Libraries. (ED433805)
Zbar, R. I. S. (1995). Autobiography of a face [Review of the book Autobiography of a face, by L. Grealy]. The New England Journal of Medicine, 333(14), 949.
|Thesis or Dissertation||
Kitzmiller, E. M. (2012). The roots of educational inequality: Germantown high school, 1907--2011. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
|Conference or Meeting Paper||
Peters, H. M. (2002). Milton S. Hershey - one of a kind, founder of the Hershey Chocolate Company. Abstracts of papers of the American Chemical Society, 223, U367.
Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation (Producer), & Wise, R. (Director). (2000). The sound of music [Motion Picture]. USA: Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment.
|(Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation & Wise, 2000)|
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, 42 U.S.C. § 18001 (2010).
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, 42 U.S.C. § 18001 et seq. (2010).
(EXPLANATION: 42 is the title number, 18001 is the first section of the law. "et seq." means the act includes other sections that follow the initial section. Cited is the 2010 edition of the Code.)
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (2010)
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010
For examples not listed here, see print version of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed,
at the 1st floor reference center or the Reserves Desk at call number BF76.7.P83 2010.
|Reference Type||In Reference List||In-Text Citation|
|Web Page||Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014, April 2). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/||(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014)|
|Web Page, undated||Dvoretsky, D. P. (n.d.). History: Pavlov Institute of Physiology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Retrieved January 27, 2007, from http://www.infran.ru/history_eng.htm||(Dvoretsky, n.d.)|
|Online video||BioScience Laboratories (2009, July 22). BioScience Laboratories Glove Juice Sampling Procedure for ASTM E1174 E1115 [Video file]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/eU6EkstmwI4||(BioScience Laboratories, 2009)|
|Audio podcast||Johns Hopkins Medicine. (Producer). (n.d.). New medical school curriculum [Audio podcast]. Retrieved August 9, 2010, from http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/armstrongbuilding/audio_files/curriculumpodfinal.mp3||(Johns Hopkins Medicine, n.d.)|
Palmer, A. (2013, February). Amanda Palmer: The art of asking [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.ted.com/talks/amanda_palmer_the_art_of_asking
|Palmer (2013) or (Palmer, 2013)|
|Cochrane systematic review||
Singh, J., Kour, K., & Jayaram Mahesh, B. (2012). Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors for schizophrenia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2012(1), 1–101. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007967.pub2
|(Singh, Kour & Jayaram, 2012)|
Joanna Briggs EBP Database,
Joanna Briggs Institute. (2009). The Management of Nipple Pain and/or Trauma Associated with Breastfeeding. Best Practice: evidence-based information sheets for health professionals, 13(4), 1-4. Retrieved from https://arch.library.nyu.edu/databases/proxy/NYU04719
(Joanna Briggs Institute, 2009)
Joanna Briggs Institute EBP Database
|Electronic book, 1 author, retrieved from library database||Didion, J. (2005). Year of magical thinking. Available from Ebook Central database.||(Didion, 2005)|
|Electronic book, 1 author, retrieved from web||Pollan, M. (2006). The omnivore's dilemma: A natural history of four meals. Retrieved from http://books.google.com/books?id=Qh7dkdVsbDkC&lpg=PP1&dq=subject%3A%22Health%20%26%20Fitness%22&as_brr=3&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=false||(Pollan, 2007)|
|Electronic book, 1 author, retrieved from e-book reader||Oshinsky, D. M. (2005). Polio: An American story [Kindle edition]. Available from Amazon.com||(Oshinsky, 2005)|
2 authors, retrieved from library database
|Kreiman, J., & Van Lancker Sidtis, D. (2011). Foundations of Voice Studies: An Interdisciplinary approach to Voice Production and Perception. Available from Ebook Central database.||(Kreiman & Van Lancker Sidtis, 2011)|
|Electronic Book: Editor, Translator, or Compiler (instead of author)||Mezey, M. D., Cassel, C. K., Bottrell, M. M., Hyer, K., Howe, J. L., & Fulmer, T. T. (Eds.). (2002). Ethical patient care: A casebook for geriatric health care teams. Available from Ebook Central database.||(Mezey, Cassel, Bottrell, Hyer, Howe, & Fulmer, 2002) first citation (Mezey et al., 2002) subsequent citations|
|Electronic Book: Chapter, Introduction, Preface, Foreword, Afterword, Encyclopedia Entry with one author||
Oshinsky, D. (2010). Polio. In A. W. Artenstein (Ed.), Vaccines: A Biography (pp. 207–221). Springer New York. Available from http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1108-7_12
|Electronic Book: Chapter, Introduction, Preface, Foreword, Afterword, Encyclopedia Entry with two or more authors||
Borody, T.J., Leis, S., Pang, G., & Wettstein, A.R. (2013). Fecal microbiota transplantation in the treatment of recurrent Clostridium difficile infection. In T.W. Post, P. Rutgeerts, & S. Grover (Eds.), UptoDate. Available from https://arch.library.nyu.edu/databases/proxy/NYU04665
[use "Available from" to indicate that the URL will lead users to a download site rather than directly to the chapter.]
|(Borody, Leis, Pang & Wettstein, 2013)|
|Nursing Reference Center Plus||
Heering, H. C., & Schub, T. B. (2017). Communication: Communicating with a Patient who is Non-English Speaking. [CINAHL Nursing Practice and Skill]. Retrieved from: https://arch.library.nyu.edu/databases/proxy/NYU05408
|(Heering & Schub, 2017)|
|Electronic Journal Article, 1 Author, DOI assigned||Bear-Lehman, J. (2002). A word about qualitative research. Journal of Hand Therapy, 15(1), 85-86. doi:10.1053/hanthe.2002.v15.01585||(Bear-Lehman, 2002)|
|Electronic Journal Article, 1 Author, without DOI assigned||Fulmer, T. (2007). How to try this: Fulmer SPICES. American Journal of Nursing 107(10), 40-48. Retrieved from http://www.nursingcenter.com/pdf.asp?AID=743877||(Fulmer, 2007)|
|Electronic Journal 1-2 authors, DOI assigned||Ellis, E. L., & Whatley, K. M. (2008). The evolution of critical thinking skills in library instruction, 1986-2006: A selected and annotated bibliography and review of selected programs. College & Undergraduate Libraries, 15(1/2), 5-20. doi:10.1080/10691310802176665||(Ellis & Whatley, 2008)|
|Electronic Journal Article, 1-2 Authors, without DOI assigned||Dobal, M. T., & Torkelson, D. J. (2004). Making decisions about sexual rights in psychiatric facilities. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 18 (2), 68-74. Available from http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S088394170400022||(Dobal & Torkelson, 2004)|
|Electronic Journal Article, 3-6 Authors, with DOI assigned||
Colwill, A. C., Schreiber, C. A., Sammel, M. D., & Sonalkar, S. (2018). Six-week retention after postplacental copper intrauterine device placement. Contraception, 97(3), 215-218. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2017.10.012
(Colwill, Schreiber, Sammel, & Sonalkar, 2018)
(Colwill et al., 2018)
|Electronic Journal Article, more than 6 Authors, DOI assigned||Siconolfi D.E., Kapadia F., Halkitis P.N., Moeller R.W., Storholm E.D., Barton, S.C., . . . Jones, D. (2013). Sexual health screening among racially/ethnically diverse young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men. Journal of Adolescent Health, 52(5), 620-626. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.10.002.||(Siconolfi et al., 2013)|
Mathis, T. (2015, August 12). What is human systems integration? [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://blog.apabooks.org/2015/08/12/what-is-human-systems-integration/
|Data set||Pew Hispanic Center. (2008). 2007 Hispanic Healthcare Survey [Data file and code book]. Available from Pew Hispanic Center Web site: http://pewhispanic.org/datasets/
[use "Available from" to indicate that the URL will lead users to a download site rather than directly to the data.]
|(Pew Hispanic Center, 2008)|
|Graphic representation of data||Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2005). [Interactive map showing percentage of respondents reporting "no" to, During the past month, did you participate in any physical activities?]. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Retrieved from http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/gisbrfss/default.aspx||(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2005)|
APA (American Psychological Association)
Point readers to raw data by providing a Web address (use "Retrieved from") or a general place that houses data sets on the site (use "Available from").
Author/Rightsholder. (Year). Title of data set (Version number) [Description of form]. Retrieved from http://
Author/Rightsholder. (Year). Title of data set (Version number) [Description of form]. Location: Name of producer.
United States Department of Housing and Urban Development. (2008). Indiana income limits [Data file]. Retrieved from http://www.huduser.org/Datasets/IL/IL08/in_fy2008.pdf
Some data providers, such as archives or some government agencies, prefer that you cite their data a certain way. Look around on their webpage for clues.
For example, ICPSR provides a citation for each dataset on the Study Description page:
In this case, you can just copy and paste the citation right into your bibliography!
Citation management software helps you take notes, organize your research, import citations from electronic databases and catalogs, format your references in standard styles (MLA, APA etc.) for bibliographies; insert footnotes and endnotes directly into your papers. Here are a few options available to you:
RefWorks is a web-based program you can use to organize your research. It is licensed to everyone in the NYU community.
EndNote includes is another program to help you organize your research. It is available to the NYU community.
Zotero is a Firefox extension designed for the Firefox browser (Mac and PC). It is a free online citation management tool.