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Health (Nursing, Medicine, Allied Health)

Guide to research sources and tools for locating health evidence in books, journals, databases.

What is Google Scholar? How should I use it?

Google Scholar is a time-saving, scholarly search interface. With Google Scholar, you can locate scholarly journal articles, books and book sections.  For literature searching, specialized databases have more functionality and access more comprehensive results, but Google Scholar is a good tool to use for a search for a known item.

You can configure Google Scholar to:

  • Display a link to NYU options for the full-text of an article
  • Export your citations to RefWorks or EndNote

Here's how to display NYU links in Google Scholar:

  1. Open
  2. Go to the left screen, 3 bars, "Settings" 
  3. Click on menu item, "Library Links"
  4. Type in: NYU
  5. From the results, put a check mark next to "New York University Libraries-GetIt at NYU"
  6. Click on Save to save preferences.

The next time you search, the GetIt at NYU option will be available next to accessible article citations.

Here's how to change settings for Bibliography manager:

  1. Open
  2. Go to the left screen, 3 bars, "Settings" 
  3. In the Search Results, go to Bibliography Manager
  4. Select Show Links to import citation into: (your choice of bibliography manager, BibTex, Refworks, Endnote, etc.)
  5. Click on Save to save preferences.

Selecting a Database

The literature of nursing is primarily indexed in MEDLINE (via PubMed), and CINAHL1, linked in the box below.  Questions related to medicine and health more broadly may also be well served by other databases like EMBASE, Web of Science, and PsycINFO.

1. Allen, M. P., Jacobs, S. K., & Levy, J. R. (2006). Mapping the literature of nursing: 1996-2000. Journal of the Medical Library Association : JMLA, 94(2), 206–220.

Sources of Nursing & Health Literature

Biomedical & Health Databases

Multidisciplinary Sources with Health Coverage

Education, Social Sciences & Public Health

Locating "Peer Reviewed" Articles

"Peer-reviewed" or "refereed" journals are those that subject content to a critical review by other experts in the field prior to accepting a manuscript for publication. Limiting your literature search to the peer-reviewed journals ensures a higher level of scholarship and research methodology. 

Magazines, trade journals, and newspapers tend to be "non-peer-reviewed," meaning perhaps just the editor or someone who is not an expert in the field has reviewed the content before publishing. 

Some article databases (not all) will have a filter (or "Limit") available for "peer-reviewed." Look for this feature in Proquest Central and CINAHL. 

See this tutorial for more information about Peer Review in the Health Sciences.

How do you know if a journal citation is from a peer-reviewed journal?

  • You can do a journal title search in Ulrich's Global Serials Directory. There is a specific symbol ( Black and white referee's jersey icon. ) that indicates a journal is "refereed."
  • You can look for the "Limits" feature in many databases to narrow search results by publication type.
  • An individual journal's website may describe the peer review process and policies - look for sections like "For Authors" or "Editorial Policies"