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Writing in the Health and Social Sciences: Conducting & Reporting Systematic Reviews
Guide to writing, citing, and publishing resources for the health and social sciences.
PRISMA is an evidence-based minimum set of items for reporting in systematic reviews and meta-analyses. PRISMA focuses on the reporting of reviews evaluating randomized trials, but can also be used as a basis for reporting systematic reviews of other types of research, particularly evaluations of interventions. This website includes the PRISMA statement (which outlines guidelines for reporting), the PRISMA flow diagram, and the PRISMA checklist, as well as a link to a document containing the PRISMA statement's explanation and elaboration.
Produced and maintained by Nancy Terry at the NIH Library, this online guide contains information sources, websites, and articles that can help you to conduct a systematic review. For direction on how best to select information sources/databases and develop search strategies, see the tab for "The Literature Search - Databases and Gray Literature.:
The revised edition of the Handbook offers the only guide on how to conduct, report and maintain a Cochrane Review. The 2nd edition contains essential guidance for preparing and maintaining Cochrane Reviews of the effects of health interventions. Designed to be an accessible resource, the Handbook will also be of interest to anyone undertaking systematic reviews of interventions outside Cochrane, and many of the principles and methods presented are appropriate for systematic reviews addressing research questions other than effects of interventions.
On this site, you will find interactive learning resources and pathways as well as links to webinars, courses, and handbooks produced by the Cochrane Collaboration that relate to systematic review methods. Note that select resources on this site are limited to those with an existing Cochrane account while others are publicly available.
Published by the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, this guide outlines the methods and steps necessary to conduct a systematic review. It also addresses issues associated with reviews in specific areas, such as clinical tests, public health interventions, harm/adverse effects, economic evaluations, and how and why interventions work. Opens as PDF.
This ebook, produced by the Institute of Medicine (2011), contains chapters on the following topics: Standards for initiating a systematic review -- Standards for finding and assessing individual studies -- Standards for synthesizing the body of evidence -- Standards for reporting systematic reviews -- Improving the quality of systematic reviews
Article abstract: There is a growing recognition of the value of synthesising qualitative research in the evidence base in order to facilitate effective and appropriate health care. In response to this, methods for undertaking these syntheses are currently being developed. Thematic analysis is a method that is often used to analyse data in primary qualitative research. This paper reports on the use of this type of analysis in systematic reviews to bring together and integrate the findings of multiple qualitative studies.
The PRESS Guideline provides a set of recommendations concerning the information that should be used by librarians and other information specialists when they are asked to evaluate electronic search strategies developed for systematic review (SR) and health technology assessment (HTA) reports.
These training videos provide an introduction to the purpose of systematic reviews and their basic elements, including: Problem Formulation, Literature Searching, Coding (data extraction), Effect Size Calculation, and Introduction to Basic Meta-Analysis. They were recorded during the August 2011 Campbell Colloquium at George Mason University (Washington, D.C.), and the May 2013 Campbell Colloquium at Loyola University Chicago (Chicago, IL).
The Campbell Library Methods Series supports the production of high quality systematic reviews by providing a policy and guidance on methods to authors and editors, as well as space for discussion of new and emerging methods. The series comprises three sub-series: Methods Policy Notes, Methods Guides, and Methods Discussion Papers.
This guide aims to provide general guidance to those conducting a systematic review and to establish minimum standards for key information retrieval tasks. Although the guide speaks specifically to individuals planning to conduct a Campbell review, the policies, procedures, and guidelines are applicable to anyone interested in implementing information retrieval methods that maximize coverage and minimize bias during the information retrieval process.
This ebook, written by Littell, Corcoran, and Pillai (2008) and published by Oxford University Press, contains chapters on the following topics: Formulating a topic and developing a protocol -- Locating and screening studies -- Data extraction and study quality assessment -- Effect size metrics and pooling methods -- Assessing bias and variations in effects
This ebook, written by Petticrew and Roberts (2006), contains chapters on the following topics: Why do we need systematic reviews? -- Starting the review : refining the question and defining the boundaries -- What sorts of studies do I include in the review? : deciding on the review's inclusion/exclusion criteria -- How to find the studies : the literature search -- How to appraise the studies : an introduction to assessing study quality -- Synthesizing the evidence -- Exploring heterogeneity and publication bias -- Disseminating the review -- Systematic reviews : urban myths and fairy tales
Part of the Pocket Guide to Social Work Research Method series, this ebook, written by Bronson and Davis (2012) and published by Oxford University Press, contains chapters on the following topics: Systematic reviews, evidence-based practice, and social work -- Asking the right questions, preparing a protocol, and finding the relevant research -- Critically appraising the quality and credibility of quantitative research for systematic reviews -- The art and science of managing and summarizing the available research -- Systematic reviews of qualitative research -- Assessing the quality of systematic reviews