This guide was designed to aid researchers completing literature searches for animal alternatives as part of the protocol submission and review of NYU's University Animal Welfare Committee (UAWC).
For additional help, contact Hope Lappen (firstname.lastname@example.org) for:
Alternatives searches are typically guided by "The 3Rs"*
Replacement Methods that replace animals in research with non-animal models or with a lower species
Reduction Methods that allow researchers to minimize the number of animals used in research, while allowing results to remain statistically significant
Refinement Methods that alleviate or reduce potential pain and distress or that contribute to animal welfare over the animal’s lifetime
*Russell, W.M.S. and Burch, R.L., (1959). The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique, Methuen, London. ISBN 0900767782